Knowledge Center

Did you know that anyone who has a diagnosis of Intellectual Disability (ID) prior to the age of 22 is eligible to register with the Office of Intellectual Disability. Contact: Allegheny County Department of Human Services @ 412-253-1399 or PA Office of Developmental Programs (OID) @ 1-888-565-9435 for more information.

Did you know that the percentage of working-age people with disabilities in the labor force is about one-third that of persons with no disability.

Do you know what constitutes a diagnosis of Intellectual Disability? Individuals must have a standardized intelligence test completed and signed by a licensed psychologist, certified school psychologist, psychiatrist or licensed physician who practices psychiatry, prior to one’s 22nd birthday that shows and IQ score at 70 or below, an ID diagnosis, and level of ID.

Motivational Interviewing (M.I.)—a form of psychotherapy that attempts to move a person away from a state of indecision or uncertainty and towards finding motivation to making positive decisions and accomplishing goals. Developed by William R. Miller and Stephen Rollnick over 30 years ago.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)—a specific type of cognitive-behavioral therapy developed by Marsha M. Linehan to help better treat individuals with Emotion Dysregulation and other kinds of mental health disorders.

Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT)—is the use of medications in combination with counseling and behavioral therapies to treat substance use disorders and prevent opioid overdose. It is primarily used for the treatment of addiction to opioids such as heroin and prescription pain relievers that contain opiates.

DSM-5—The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is published by the American Psychiatric Association and is the handbook used by health care professionals as the authoritative guide to diagnosing mental disorders. It includes descriptions, symptoms and criteria for diagnosing mental disorders.

Complaint: a statement that a situation is unsatisfactory regarding a health care provider.

Explanation of Benefits (EOB): a statement sent by health insurance company explaining what medical services were paid on their behalf. The EOB is usually attached to a statement, but it is not a bill. You will be billed separately for any copayment, deductible or other amounts you may owe to them.

Grievance: an official statement of a complaint over something thought to be wrong or unfair and is a request to have health insurance company reconsider a decision based upon the medical necessity and relevance of a health care service.

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA): a federal law developed in 1996 to develop rules governing the privacy of all identifiable health information. HIPAA applies to health care providers, health plans, and third parties that provide services involving protected health information or exchange electronic data.

Privacy Practices: requires health plans and health care providers to notify individuals of their rights to have their personal health information protected

Protected Health Information or Personal Health Information (PHI): identifiable health information, such as demographics, medical history, tests and laboratory results, insurance information, social security number, address, birth date, and so forth, which can be exchanged verbally, written information or personal information stored electronically in a medical record.

Did you know..

If your child is under 14 years old:

  • must have a parent/guardian’s permission to obtain mental health services
  • he/she can get help for a drug or alcohol problem without parent/guardian permission

If your child is 14 – 18 years old:

  • he/she can get help for a drug or alcohol problem without parent/guardian permission
  • he/she can say NO to or refuse mental health or drug and alcohol services